atmospheric moisture and precipitation quizlet

atmospheric moisture and precipitation quizlet

Chapter 5 - Atmospheric Moisture Understanding Weather and Climate Aguado and Burt ATMO 1300 Water • Water Vapor - water in a gaseous form, not droplets. ... they form around particles in the atmosphere, ... Chapter 2 Section 4-5. katherinepatin. Climate - Climate - Circulation, currents, and ocean-atmosphere interaction: The circulation of the ocean is a key factor in air temperature distribution. Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere, atmospheric phenomena, and atmospheric effects on our weather.The atmosphere is the gaseous layer of the physical environment that surrounds a planet. Atmospheric modeling is an important method to generate physical and numerical measurements of climate parameters, quantify the spatiotemporal changes of atmospheric phenomena over space and time, and predict their occurrences. Processes associated with evaporation, condensation and precipitation. Check all that apply. Check all that apply. Which are associated with low humidity? Check all that apply. Earth’s atmosphere is roughly 100 to 125 kilometers (65-75 miles) thick. a form of precipitation induced when warm, moist air is heated at the ground surface, rises, cools, and condenses to form water droplets, raindrops, and eventually rainfall; latent heat release, and energy increases updraft, unequal heating of the surface causes an air parcel to become warmer and less dense in surrounding air; because it is less dense, the warm air parcel moves upwards, it cools as it rises, when it is cool to the dew point temp, clouds form, latent heat is released = an increase in energy which increases the updraft; with that condensation cumulonimbus or cumulus clouds are formed, with showers occurring, these are very intense, and are associated with massive cumulonimbus clouds, In convectional thunderstorms, you have a ______ _________ air moving rapidly _____, and that creates a corresponding downdraft that can produce heavy rain and hail, updrafts and downdrafts can cause positive and negative charges to accumulate in different parts of a cloud and the transference of those + and - charges results in _______, _______ is the expansion of the air as the + and - charges are exchanged, Thunderstorms are associated with _________, they are occasional down drafts that are so intense that when they reach the ground, they flow out in all directions; are known to cause plane crashes, ________ occur in association with thunderstorms that develop a lot of cold fronts like mid latitude regions, a _______ appears as a dark funnel cloud typically hanging down from a cumulonimbus cloud. Moving from ocean to air to land and back to the ocean, water is endlessly cycled through the environment. A small amount of a liquid (such as water) that makes something wet or moist Wetness caused by water; "drops of wet gleamed on the window" 3. This layer contains most of Earth’s clouds and is the location where weather primarily occurs. a direct gain or loss in water vapor that can happen through evaporation, or precipitation processes. Scheduled maintenance: Saturday, December 12 from 3–4 PM PST, three states of water, hydrosphere, hydrologic cycle, humidity, adiabatic process, clouds, precipitation, air quality, solid = ____; liquid =_____; gas = ______ ______, Latent heat is ______ in the processes of deposition, condensation and freezing, Latent heat is _______ in the processes of melting, evaporation, and sublimation, energy which is drawn in from the surroundings and stored within the water molecules, the change of state of a substance from a gas to a solid, process of change of matter in the gaseous state to the liquid or solid state, change from liquid state to solid state, accompanied by the release of latent heat, becoming sensible heat, change from solid state to liquid state, accompanied by absorption of sensible heat to become latent heat, process in which water in a liquid or solid state passes into the vapor state, process for the change of ice into water vapor, the realm of water in all its forms, and the flows of water among ocean, land, and atmosphere, __.__% of the hydrosphere consists of ocean salt water and the remaining __.__% is freshwater, the next largest reservoir is fresh water, that is stored as ice sheets and mountain glaciers, which accounts for __.____% of total global water, Groundwater makes up __.____% of the hydrosphere, only a small quantity of water is held as vapor/cloud water droplets in the atmosphere, and that is just __._____% of the hydrosphere, the flow of water vapor from _____ tropical oceans to _____ regions provides a global flow of heat from low to high altitudes, this cycle describes how liquid water and water vapor move back and forth between the ocean, water from the oceans and from land surfaces _______, changing state from liquid to vapor and entering the atmosphere, In the hydrologic cycle, the total evaporation is about ___ times greater over oceans than land. 1) as air rises, it expands and it subsides as much as it contracts 2) during expansion or compression, the total amount of energy in the parcel remains the same. as the air parcel rises, the atmospheric pressure is ______, which results in gas ________, an ______ in volume, and a _______ in pressure and temperature. Plan and carry out an investigation to illustrate the role of the sun’s energy in atmospheric conditions that lead to the cycling of water. The vapor rises into the atmosphere, providing the moisture that forms clouds. wet lapse rate depends on the ________ of the air, and its ________ content. Along with evaporation and condensation, precipitation is one of the three major parts of the global water cycle.. Precipitation forms in the clouds when water vapor condenses into bigger and bigger droplets of water. Even though oxygen is not a heat-trapping greenhouse gas, its concentration in our atmosphere … Check all that apply. Which type of cloud is most likely present on a gray, rainy day? The air expands and cools because of the decreasing pressure. Precipitation is any liquid or frozen water that forms in the atmosphere and falls back to the Earth. Check all that apply. From: Cloud Computing in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, 2016. Where do clouds form? Solar Angle of Incidence. refers to the way that water moves within the hydrologic cycle and the relationship between evaporation, precipitation, and runoff. There is nearly ____ times as much precipitation over oceans than precipitation over land. Atmospheric rivers are relatively long, narrow regions in the atmosphere – like rivers in the sky – that transport most of the water vapor outside of the tropics. Start studying Atmospheric Moisture and Precipitation. Choose from 500 different sets of atmospheric moisture precipitation flashcards on Quizlet. relative humidity ________ as temperature increases. the dew point lapse rate _____/_____ with elevation, change in temperature within a gas because of compression or expansion, without the gain or loss of heat from the outside. By adding moisture, this rate changes to 0.6°C/100 m. 1. Atmospheric Model. in the wet lapse rate, once the air has cooled to the dew point temp, you have __________. Discuss the difference between weather and climate. warm areas of the cloud; the growth of droplets and clouds occurs when large droplets combine with smaller droplets; it produces rain or drizzle, cool areas of the cloud; contains a mixture of ice crystals and super cool water droplets; ice particles act as a freezing nuclei; sleet & hail, type of precipitation that occurs as a result of moist air being forced over a topographic barrier such as a mountain, in the orographic uplifting mechanism, on the left side, you have an ascending _____ ____ parcel air, that ______, condensation occurs, and rain follows. As the sun warms the surface of the Earth, water evaporates from lakes, oceans, rivers, plants, the ground, and other sources. measures water vapor in the air expressed as the percentage of the maximum amount of water vapor that can be held at the given present air temperature. Atmospheric Moisture, Precipitation & Clouds - Chapter Summary. water vapor in the air condenses to form liquid water or ice. Significance of Atmospheric Moisture: 1. the second change in relative humidity... temperature of an air mass at which the air holds its full capacity of water vapor. in the wet lapse rate, air is being ______, just not as fast as the dry lapse rate. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Chapter 13. Check all that apply. dew point also tells you when you are going to be getting ___________. Which are forms of frozen water? Earth has a surprising new player in the climate game: oxygen. ... changing state, such as melting ice, requires that energy be transferred in the form of heat. relative humidity changes with temperature because warm air can contain ______ water vapor than cold air. they fall from the clouds as ice crystals. Atmospheric Moisture Matching Section Quiz 23 1 {Just after viewing products detail web pages, look in this article to discover a simple strategy to navigate The vapor rises into the atmosphere, providing the moisture that forms clouds. Start studying Atmospheric Moisture and Precipitation. The Hadley cell, named after George Hadley, is a global scale tropical atmospheric circulation that features air rising near the Equator, flowing poleward at a height of 10 to 15 kilometers above the earth's surface, descending in the subtropics, and then returning equatorward near the surface. The system stays balanced because water runs off the land and returns to the ocean. Which statements accurately describe humidity? Which descriptions refer to cirrus clouds? soil moisture 0.01%; atmospheric moisture 0.0001%; small amount but water vapor in air is extremely important to us four states of matter: solid; liquid; gas; plasma water--unique--only common substance that occurs naturally on earth in the three states of matter naturally found on … 1. measures the ACTUAL quantity of water vapor in a parcel of air; is used to describe the water vapor of large air masses; is expressed as (g/kg) = grams of water vapor per kilogram of air. It fills lakes and wetlands, flows into rivers and oceans, and recharges underground water reserves. 2. Ice crystals generally form on ice nuclei at temperatures appreciably below the freezing point. Chapter Overview. (Clarification statement: The water cycle should include evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, infiltration, groundwater, and runoff.) • Water can also achieve solid and liquid phases on Earth – Temperature and pressure • Saturation – The maximum amount of water that can exist in the atmosphere as a vapor. Check all that apply. The upward motion of air can lead to the formation of clouds and precipitation if there is sufficient moisture to reach condensation as the air cools while moving up. Which descriptions refer to cumulus clouds? The Hydrosphere `Hydrosphere – water in the earth-atmosphere system Oceans and Salt Lakes 97.6% Ice Caps and Glaciers 1.9% (Not available for humans) 99.5% Subsurface Water (soil, groundwater) 0.5% Surface Water (rivers, freshwater lakes) 0.02% Atmosphere 0.0001% `If all land were flat, the oceans would cover it to a depth of 3 km `If all atmospheric water were precipitated, it would cover Which statements describe what will most likely occur when warm air cools and the temperature drops to the dew point? Water, one of the key factors to support life on earth, is the focus of Chapter 4. This is because atmospheric water vapour is determined from atmospheric circulation in a warmer climate while global precipitation is constrained by evaporation from the surface. It comes in many forms, like rain, sleet, and snow. The atmosphere isn’t just made up of air but also contains water vapour. Global Temperature and Precipitation Patterns. As the sun warms the surface of the Earth, water evaporates from lakes, oceans, rivers, plants, the ground, and other sources. water exists in the _________ in the form of water vapor, clouds, precipitation and fog, the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere, humidity is dependent on _____ _________; the amount of water that the air can hold depends on the ____ _________. Water in the atmosphere in different forms, such as water vapour and liquid. The large size of Earth’s ocean is the essential reason that humanity enjoys a stable, life-sustaining climate. 37 terms. Gravity keeps the atmosphere from expanding much farther. warm air can hold much ______ humidity than cold air. An air-mass thunderstorm, also called an "ordinary", "single cell", or "garden variety" thunderstorm, is a thunderstorm that is generally weak and usually not severe. when relative humidity reaches 100%, then it is ________. Which factors affect the type of cloud that will be formed? tornadoes generally travel in the __________ direction, but not always. 3. Nearly all of the biomes on Earth are dictated by two factors: the amount of temperature and precipitation they receive, and these are correlated. If air is slowly chilled, its saturation-specific humidity _________. Atmospheric physics theory dating back to Arrhenius (1895) and Callendar (1938), respectively, have pointed out how relatively small contributions of CO2 can warm the atmosphere… Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. if water vapor is not added or removed from the air mass, it is constant, and then relative humidity changes with ________. In contrast, the other fluid in our climate system, the atmosphere, has little intrinsic heat capacity, and relies on ocean-supplied moisture for a substantial fraction of its heat transport. increasing; compression; decrease; increase, as the air parcel descends, it is sinking, so atmospheric pressure is _________, which has an effect of gas __________, a ________ in volume, and an _______ in pressure and temperature, rate in which the air is not saturated; describes the rate of cooling with altitude of an unsaturated air parcel, it has a temp above the dew point which means condensation has NOT occurred, and it doesn't have 100% relative humidity, decreases with temperature; a rising parcel of cooling air without condensation, cools at the ___ _______ ____ _____ of -5.5° F per 1000 ft. in the wet lapse rate, once the air has reached the dew point and become saturated, that is the ____ _______. Which condition is necessary for water droplets to condense and form clouds? in the wet lapse rate, released condensation releases ______ ________. Atmospheric Moisture and Precipitation . From about Iowa, Nebraska, down to the gulf of Mexico. 11.3 Moisture in the Atmosphere Flashcards | Quizlet Start studying Atmospheric Moisture and Precipitation. Explain how the different types of precipitation form. It then returns to the Earth in the form of rain, snow, sleet, and half. Water is known to exist in three different states; as a solid, liquid or gas. these things form when the air is saturated and they compose droplets of water around tiny particles of matter, tiny bits of particulate matter that serve as surfaces on which water vapor condenses and clouds can form, The primary source of condensation nuclei is the ________ because the waves throw up a lot of water and ____ into the air; the _____ crystals strongly attract water molecules, term for when water can remain in a liquid state below freezing; can remain in liquid state as low as 10° F, These super cooled water droplets are found in clouds with high altitudes of ___-________ feet, in stratoform clouds, low altitude flat clouds = ______ clouds, in stratoform clouds, middle altitude clouds = ______ clouds, in stratoform clouds, high altitude clouds = _______ clouds, in cumuliform clouds, low altitude puffy clouds = _______ clouds, in cumuliform clouds, medium altitude clouds = _________ clouds, in cumuliform clouds, high altitude clouds = __________ clouds, _____ _______ range from low to high altitudes, and usually have an anvil shaped flat top; these are = to rain clouds, cloud layer in contact with land or sea surface, or very close to that surface, occurs at night when the temp of the air near the ground falls below the dew point temp; the land cools; condensation occurs in the air close to the ground, doesn't typically last long after sunrise, often occurs with low level temperature inversions; is NOT radioactive, occurs when warm moist air is cooled below its dew point temperature as it moves over a cold surface; typically occurs over the oceans.

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