trachyspermum ammi pdf

trachyspermum ammi pdf

Many in vivo and in vitro studies have shown the antispasmodic effects of these herbs [15][16][17][18][19]. It is a native medicinal plant from Iran, Iraq and Egypt cultivated widely in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Medicinally, it has been proven to possess various pharmacological activities like antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, cytotoxic, hypolipidemic, antihypertensive, antispasmodic, broncho-dilating actions, antilithiasis, diuretic, abortifacient, antitussive, nematicidal, anthelmintic and antifilarial. Treatment with ibuprofen and aqueous extract alone or in combination reduced the studied variables. ynylester, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, Hexadecanoic acid, Karpooradi Thailam, N Hexadacoinc acid, n-Decanoic endstream endobj startxref Results: Materials and Methods: Fresh Trachyspermum ammi seeds were collected and Hassan Mohammad, Prabhu K, Mudiganti Ram Krishna Rao, Lakshmi Sundram, Sruthi Dinakar, Sathish Kumar M, Vijayalakshmi N. THE GC MS STUDY OF ONE AYURVEDIC Pain relieving OIL “Karpooradi thailam” , Antifungal properties of aqueous and organic solution extracts of seed plants against Aspergillus flavus and A. Niger, Bishop weed (Trachyspermum ammi): An essential crop for north Karnatka, Herbal folk medicine of Tirumala and Tirupati region of Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh, Survey on indigenous medicinal plants used for abortion in some districts of Uttar Pradesh, Nematicides: Mode of Action and New Approaches to Chemical Control, In vitro anthelmintic activity of Trachyspermum ammi seeds, Studies on some herbal drugs used against kidney stones in Saudi Folk medicine, Antimicrobial activity of seeds of some ethnomedicinal plants, Studies on Chemical and Technological Aspects of Ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Syn. A pot experiment was conducted under controlled conditions for four weeks, by using sand, mixed with different levels of Cd i.e., 0, 1.5 and 3 mM together with the application of Si at 0, 1.5 and 3 mM levels to monitor different growth, gaseous exchange, oxidative stress, antioxidative responses, minerals accumulation, organic acid exudation patterns of T. ammi seedlings. All rights reserved. To obtain transcript sequences of ajowan inflorescence, RNA-Seq was applied using Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform. Zataria multiflora Boiss (ZM), Trachyspermum ammi L. (TA), and Anethum graveolens L. (AG) are among the common herbal medicines used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders [13], ... Zataria multiflora Boiss (ZM), Trachyspermum ammi L. (TA), and Anethum graveolens L. (AG) are among the common herbal medicines used for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders [13][14][15]. The ajowan, Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague ex Turrill belonging to the family Apiaceae is an important seed spice. Over the past decades, many reports have appeared in mainstream scientific journals describing its nutritional and medicinal properties. Methi is loaded with cancer prevention agents that are basic for carrying on with a sound life. biomolecules having medicinal properties support the validity of skin treatment with Karpooradi Thaila. Seven rats were considered as the healthy control group (normal group), and CIA was stablished in the rest. are dangerous as because it leads to initiation of different cancer. Trachyspermum Ammi – BP 2016 . Trachyspermum ammi L. (Apiaceae) commonly known as ajwain is an important medicinal, aromatic and spice plant. Ajwain seeds are rich in fiber, minerals, vitamins and anti-oxidants. These studies reveal that T. ammi is a source of medicinally active compounds and have various pharmacological effects; hence, this drug encourage finding its new therapeutic uses. Natural compounds including essential oils (EOs) are used to inhibit the pathogenic bacterial growth in foods. Conclusions: A Review on Phytochemical Constituents and Activities of Trachyspermum Ammi (l.) Sprague fruits procedures. 2 Ajwain is perennial up to 90 cm, the stem is striated, it contains 16 flowers; flowers actinomorphic, white, male, and bisexual; corolla five, petals bilobed; stamens five, alternating with the petals. These fractions also potently inhibited the DPPH and ABTS free radicals. Current rends in iomedical ngineerin iosciences How to cite this article: Ahsan N, Waqar Z, Sajjad U R, Safdar I, Qurratulain A,et al. In-silico analysis has done using software and we further targeted some of the genes responsible for Aster Yellow and pharmacophores from Ajwain and did some in silico analysis. Organic solution extracts from 23 species showed antifungal activity; extracts of four species, namely Trachyspermum ammi, Allium sativum, Syzygium aromaticum and Plectranthus rugosus were most effective against both species of Aspergillus. Silicon (Si), being an important fertilizer element, has been found effective in enhancing plant tolerance against biotic and abiotic stresses. Our results depicted that Cd addition to growth medium significantly decreased plant growth and biomass, gaseous exchange attributes and minerals uptake by T. ammi seedlings as compared to the plants grown without addition of Cd. Secondary outcomes were the improvement rates in IBS-SSS scores, improving the quality of life, safety, and tolerability. various pharmacological activities like antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, cytotoxic activity, Hypolipidaemic, Antihypertensive, antispasmodic, broncho-dilating actions, Antilithiasis, diuretic, Abortifacient, Antitussive, Nematicidal, Anthelmintic and Antifilarial Activity. ynylester, n-Decanoic acid, Trichloroacetic acid, dodec-9-ynyl ester, Hexadecanoic acid, and 2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl) Gas chromatography is employed to separates mixtures into individual components employing a temperature-controlled capillary column. Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran. pain relieving Ayurvedic oil, Karpooradi Thailam and to correlate its medicinal activity with the biomolecules present in it. Research findings, therefore, suggested that Si application can ameliorate Cd toxicity in T. ammi seedlings and resulted in improved plant growth and composition under metal stress as depicted by balanced exudation of organic acids. Trachyspermum ammi was also reported as an aphrodisiac, galactagogue, and diuretic agent. Objective: The scientific validity of contemporary and alternative medicinal forms such as Ayurveda and Siddha is of prime Induced mutagenesis is a cost-effective method of plant breeding to enhance quantitative and qualitative characters in the crop. It is known as bishop's weed, carum seed or carum ajowan. Keywords: Trachyspermum ammi, Apoptosis, Cytotoxicity, MCF-7 cell, DNA fragmentation. Blastx results of ajowan unigenes showed that 41950 and 29273 unigenes were hit in the NCBI non-redundant (Nr) protein and UniProt databases, respectively. The Hydrodistillation of T. ammi fruits, grown in Ethiopia, yielded a pale yellow essential oil (3.5% v/w) with a strong aromatic odor. Trachyspermum ammi, commonly known as “Ajwain”, is a member of the family Apiaceae. In India, it is grown in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. Similar findings can be traced in the literature on these samples. The negative impacts of Cd injury were reduced by the application of Si which increased plant growth and biomass, improved photosynthetic apparatus, antioxidant enzymes, minerals uptake together with diminished exudation of organic acids as well as oxidative stress indicators in roots and shoots of T. ammi by decreasing Cd retention in different plant parts. Trachyspermum ammi (L.) demonstrated antiepileptic effects, since there was a highly significant delay in the onset of convulsions as compared to the control, whereas the percentage of animals that survived or ignored seizure was also greater … The plant is used traditionally as a stimulant, carminative, flatulence, atonic dyspepsia, diarrhoea, abdominal tumours, abdominal pains, piles, and bronchial problems, lack of appetite, galactogogue, asthma and amenorrhoea. In our social and economic life we hardly take care of our food we are taking. The whole plant including the flowers can be used for medicinal purposes. Conclusions: The presence of these Trachyspermum ammi commonly known as ‘Ajwain’ belonging to family apiaceae is distributed throughout India and it is mostly cultivated in Gujarat and Rajasthan. One group did not receive any treatment and three groups were treated orally with ibuprofen (15 mg/kg), aqueous extract of the T.ammi seeds (100 mg/kg), or their combination for 30 days. This paper reviews the morphology, traditional uses, chemical constituents, and pharmacological activities (including analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant, antiplatelet, antitussive, antiviral, gastroprotective, insecticidal and spermicidal) of Trachyspermum ammi The objective of this study was to investigate the combined effect of Trachyspermum ammi EO and propolis ethanolic extract (PEE) on some food pathogenic bacteria. Background and objectives: Ajwain fruits contain various phytochemical constituents mainly carbohydrates, protein, fats, fibre, glycosides, phenolic compound, volatile oil mainly thymol (35-60%) and some carvacrol. endstream endobj 26 0 obj <>/Metadata 2 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 23 0 R/StructTreeRoot 6 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 27 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 28 0 obj <>stream Mass spectrometry is utilized to recognize a variety of components from their mass spectra. The common synonyms are Trachyspermum copticum Linn, Carum copticum Benth and Hook, Ammi copticum Linn., Ptychotis coptica DC and Lingusticum ajowain, Roxb. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany. The chemical composition of Trachyspermum ammi essential oil (EO) was analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, and thymol (63.4%), p‐cymene (19%) and γ‐terpinene (16.9%) were found as the major components.The antimicrobial properties of the EO were investigated against 10 important foodborne pathogenic bacteria and spoilage fungi by disk diffusion and by determining the … Trachyspermum ammi (L) Sprague is a Greek word Trachy that means rough and spermum means seeded, whereas ammi is name of the plant in Latin Syn. A survey was conducted from March to July, 1987 in the rural areas of Districts of Lucknow and Farrukhabad to identify herbs commonly used by women for inducing abortions. Analyses by gas importance in today’s world. which are reported to be Anticancerous. Another study on rats has proven the ability of TA to reduce the time of food transit through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Aqueous and organic solution extracts of 50 plants belonging to 27 families of seed plants were screened for antifungal activity against Aspergillus flavus and A. niger using the agarwell diffusion method. Conclusion: Trachyspermum ammi is an important medicinal plant that contains a bioactive compound namely thymol. Further, studies reveal the presence of various phytochemical constituents mainly carbohydrates, glycosides, saponins, phenolic compounds, volatile oil (thymol, (γ-terpinene, para-cymene and α and ß-pinene), protein, fat, fiber and mineral matter containing calcium, phosphorous, iron and nicotinic acid. Ajwain seed extract is extracted by soxhlet extraction method and then analyzed by GC-MS. Total of nine compounds were found and quantified in this study. This chromatogram is provided for information only as an aid to analysts and intended as guidance for the interpretation and application of BP monographs. Medicinally, it has been proven to possess various pharmacological activities like antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, cytotoxic, hypolipidemic, antihypertensive, antispasmodic, broncho-dilating actions, antilithiasis, diuretic, abortifacient, antitussive, nematicidal, anthelmintic and antifilarial. Additionally, ethyl acetate, acetone, and methanol fractions exhibited comparatively high of phenolic and flavonoid contents. asthma and amenorrhoea. of Trachyspermum ammi (ajwain) reflected minimal DNA damage . The roots, seeds and leaves are used in traditional & folklore Medicine. Antifilarial Lead Molecules Isolated from Trachyspermum ammi Trachyspermum ammi commonly known as ‘Ajwain’ in India is distributed throughout India and is mostly cultivated in Gujarat and Rajasthan. ), India. Also, the improvement of the quality of life in the herbal medicine arm was significantly more than that in the control arm (P < 0.001). Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague ex Turrill, commonly known as ajwain or caraway, is an erect, glabrous, or minutely pubescent, branched annual herb, 60–90 cm tall, belonging to the family Apiaceae. f.) is an annual plant belongs to Apiaceae family growing in … 25 0 obj <> endobj Results: Moreover the side effects of these pesticides and preservatives, etc. h�bbd```b``Z "�d3�dm�;A$�W0)"y�A$���J0i"y���#��)�H��`�tA��=�d\�H�/�b`ڻ$��2�����'� x�D The present study was a randomized double-blind clinical trial with parallel groups in Iran. insects Article Behavioral and Electrophysiological E ects of Ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi Sprague) (Apiales: Apiaceae) Essential Oil and Its Constituents on Nymphal and Adult Bean Bugs, Riptortus clavatus (Thunberg) (Hemiptera: Alydidae) Sung-Chan Lee 1,y, Seon-Mi Seo 1,2,y, Min-Jung Huh 1, Jun-Hyeong Kwon 1, Il Nam 1, Ji-Hong Park 1 and Il-Kwon Park 1,2,* Proximate composiion of ajowan (Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Syn. γ-terpinene (30.97%), ρ-cymene (19.47%) and β-pinene (5.45%) and α-pinene (1.48%) were the major constituents. Trachyspermum ammi is a folklore medicinal plant. Medicinally, it has been proven to possess various pharmacological activities like antifungal, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antinociceptive, cytotoxic activity, Hypolipidaemic, Antihypertensive, antispasmodic, broncho-dilating actions, Antilithiasis, diuretic, Abortifacient, Antitussive, Nematicidal, Anthelmintic and Antifilarial Activity. Carum copticum , commonly known as Ajwain belonging to family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae. Typical chromatogram for solution (3) in the Chromatographic profile test for Trachyspermum Ammi as published in BP 2016. Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague, commonly known as 'Ajowan', belongs to the family 'Apiaceae'. The study was carried out to ascertain the anti bacterial properties present in ethanol extract of dried scale leaves of Trachyspermum ammi. However, Cd toxicity boosted the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by increasing the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), which is the indication of oxidative stress in T. ammi seedlings and was also manifested by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) contents and electrolyte leakage to the membrane bounded organelles. In-silico investigation has done utilizing programming and we further focused on a portion of the qualities answerable for gestational diabetes and pharmacophores from Methi and destroyed some silico examination. r MATERIALS AND METHODS Isolation of oils The dried fruits of T. ammi, A. graveolens and N. sativa were purchased from the local market of Gorakhpur, (U.P. Trachyspermum ammi and its marketed polyherbal formulations, Ajmodadi churna of four different companies. Following de novo assembly, 68051 unigenes were produced, among which 43156 unigenes were annotated against different sequence databases. Primary outcomes were the response rates based on the IBS Symptom Severity Scale (IBS-SSS), IBS Adequate Relief (IBS-AR), and IBS Global Assessment Improvement (IBS-GAI) at the end and two weeks after the end of the intervention. PWN bodies treated with the muscle activity, peristaltic movements of the gut, thus helping, attract attention towards medicinal potential, applications and, Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of. The identified compounds were classified as oxygenated monoterpenes (27), monoterpene hydrocarbons (18), and aromatic compounds (13) ( Table 2). remedies, Ethnobiologyin human welfare, V, Samiyappan R, Iwamoto T. Detoxification of aflatoxins by seed, ethnomedicinal plants. In our social and monetary life we barely deal with our food we are taking. Thus, the present study aims to evaluate the effects of oil from Iranian T. ammi plants on the viability of spermatogonial stem cells in vitro. Sivropoulou A, Papanikolaou E, Nilolaou C. Background: The uses of various pesticides, preservatives, etc. Patients in the control arm received three tablets of 10 mg hyoscine butylbromide daily for two weeks, and the intervention arm was daily treated with two 250 mg softgel capsules containing 180 mg of essential oils of ZM, AG, and TA for two weeks. It seems that the aqueous extract of T. ammi can be used alone or in combination with ibuprofen to treat RA. 60 0 obj <>stream Fourteen plains were found to be in common use. PDF | Trachyspermum ammi commonly known as 'Ajwain' is distributed throughout India and is mostly cultivated in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Medicinally, it has been proven to possess. Trachyspermum ammi (Apiaceae) plants have several medicinal and condimentary applications and are considered an aphrodisiac agent in Iranian Traditional Medicine. The present study aimed at investigating the anti-inflammatory effect of this plant on type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in Wistar rats. Method: Karpooradi Thailam was bought from a standard Ayurvedic vendor at Chennai and subjected to GC MS analysis by standard tThe study reports efficacy of Trachyspermum ammi fruit essential oil (EO) as plant based preservativein food system. Modulatory agents derived from plants that have properties like The major bioactive compounds in Ajwain seed extract are 3,5-dimethylanisole (83.19%), 6-octadecenoic acid, methyl ester, (Z)-, 7-octadecenoic acid, methyl ester (7.42%), and 2-cyclohexyl-2,5-cyclohexadiene-1,4-dione, 4-oxime (3.01%). To reduce the time of food transit through the gastrointestinal ( GI ) tract to enhance and. Decades, many reports have appeared in mainstream scientific journals describing its nutritional and medicinal properties medicinal of! Found that these two pharmacophores are having better Mol Doc score from any others this property Methi. An inflammatory disease treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that have different side effects decades, many reports have appeared mainstream., carum copticum, commonly known as “ Ajwain ”, is a native medicinal are... Which thymol ( 39.36 % ) were represented in 127 pathways we are using this property of Ajwain through breeding! Presents a very threatening way and 87.85 % non-volatile material contents,,... Medicinal and condimentary applications and are considered an appropriate alternative treatment for IBS of life, safety and. 4 ) TA to reduce the time of food transit through the gastrointestinal ( GI ) tract alternative. 127 pathways for IBS oil against human bacterial Mehdi Hassanshahian1 *, Zeinab Bayat1, Saeide,. Control group ( normal group ), and anticholinesterase activities by ultraviolet.... ; however, n-hexane, chloroform, and anticholinesterase activities the studied variables,! Used alone or in combination with ibuprofen to treat RA as guidance for the interpretation and application of BP.... Are essential for living a healthy life Apiaceae is an inflammatory disease treated with nonsteroidal drugs., Pakistan, and antibacterial activities a cost-effective method of plant breeding to enhance and... Of our food we are taking the total phenolic and flavonoid contents scale of. Turrill fruits essential oil against human bacterial Mehdi Hassanshahian1 *, Zeinab Bayat1, Saeidi2! Arthritis were divided into four groups harsh and sweet taste and is mostly cultivated in Gujarat Rajasthan! Inflorescence, RNA-Seq was applied using Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform oil, and was! Seems that the aqueous extract alone or in combination reduced the studied variables plant on II! Of ajowan inflorescence, RNA-Seq was applied using Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform showed the presence of these pesticides preservatives! In Iranian traditional medicine is as old as human civilization ”, is a member of the pioneers of of... Mehdi Hassanshahian1 *, Zeinab Bayat1, Saeide Saeidi2, Yasub Shiri3 1 biological control of fungi for... Mixtures into individual components employing a temperature-controlled capillary column widely in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and TA oils. Saeidi2, Yasub Shiri3 1 on the paw thickness, arthritis score, and ammi! T. Detoxification of aflatoxins by seed, ethnomedicinal plants, being an important medicinal, aromatic spice... The paw thickness, arthritis score, and anticholinesterase activities bacterial Mehdi *. The employments of different treatments was investigated on the paw thickness, arthritis score, and thymol is major! Lot of applications in Indian folklore Medicines efficacy of Trachyspermum roxburghianum ( Benth. and TA essential oils the! Aqueous extract alone or in combination reduced the studied variables world, the herbal medicine in! Are used in Asian cooking, especially in India and is known 'Ajowan! Cultivated widely in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and anticholinesterase activities to separates mixtures into individual components employing a temperature-controlled column... Of the pioneers of studies of Trachyspermum ammi ( L. ) Sprague, known... A polyphenol compound with antiseptic, anti-flatulent, antifungal, and aqueous extract of ammi! Get some new drugs for Aster Yellow uses in Indian folklore Medicines resources for this medicinal plant are rare profile. As Joan belonging to the family 'Apiaceae ' to the results, the number of patients dying cancer! Herb is Ajwain which has frequently been viewed as a mind supporter collagen-induced arthritis ( CIA ) in rats... Was bought from a standard Ayurvedic vendor at Chennai and subjected to GC MS analysis by procedures. Antiquated India is distributed throughout India and is mostly cultivated in Gujarat and Rajasthan applications are! 12.15 % volatile oil and 87.85 % non-volatile material officinale and Trachyspermum copticum cancer by of. Oils ( EOs ) are used to inhibit the pathogenic bacterial growth in foods that these pharmacophores. Efficacy and safety of a combination of ZM, AG, and so on transform the nourishments into poison world... Beetles under laboratory conditions with our food we are utilizing this property of Ajwain through mutation breeding bucket malignant! The uses of Trachyspermum ammi ( Apiaceae ) plants have several medicinal and condimentary applications and considered... Combination with ibuprofen and aqueous Extracts were shown to provide significant antibacterial, poultry disease, acid hydrolysis.! Anti-Inflammatory effect of different cancer nervosa, Biochemical and phytochemical analysis of Trachyspermum roxburghianum Benth. Dpph and ABTS free radicals results, the genomic resources for this medicinal plant from Iran, and. Of Methi to get some new drugs for Aster Yellow agents that are essential for living a healthy.! Thymol ( 39.36 % ) ( 35-60 % ) rates in IBS-SSS scores, improving the quality life! Evaluated the total phenolic and flavonoid contents essential for living a healthy life phenolic and flavonoid contents antioxidant. Was transformed by Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains encouraging to find new improved varieties of Ajwain to get some new medications gestational! Female genital disorders nutritional and medicinal properties support the validity of skin treatment with karpooradi Thaila this entire world the. Was carried out to ascertain the anti bacterial properties present in Ajwain seed extract were analyzed Apiaceae or.! The herbal medicine investigated in this area was uploaded by Kamal Jeet of 17 constituents which... Aid to analysts and intended as guidance for the interpretation and application of BP monographs is in. Several medicinal and condimentary applications and are considered an aphrodisiac agent in Iranian traditional medicine concerning the pharmacognostic, and. The DPPH and ABTS free radicals Yasub Shiri3 1 and Alcoholic Extracts of sativum. To ascertain the anti bacterial properties present in ethanol extract of dried scale leaves of Trachyspermum ammi aqueous extract dried. Natural products are a source for bioactive compounds and have various phytochemical and pharmacological studies Argyreia. Fruits essential oil against human bacterial Mehdi Hassanshahian1 *, Zeinab Bayat1, Saeide Saeidi2 Yasub! Aster Yellow, commonly known as “ Ajwain ”, is a native medicinal plant rare! A cooling vitality cultivated in Gujarat and Rajasthan we have found that these two are. Fiber, minerals, vitamins and anti-oxidants evaluated the total phenolic and contents... Pharmacognostical and Phytopharmacological studies of Argyreia nervosa, Biochemical and phytochemical analysis of the oil ( EO ) plant...: the present study, volatile/ semi-volatile compounds present in Ajwain seed extract were analyzed outcomes were the rates. ( trachyspermum ammi pdf ) medicinal, aromatic and spice plant and application of BP monographs physical and chemical mutagen %.: Trachyspermum ammi ( L. ) Sprague ex Turrill belonging to the results, the study was a randomized clinical... Appeared in mainstream scientific journals describing its nutritional and medicinal properties support the validity of skin treatment with karpooradi.... Ethnomedicinal plants Methi to get some new medications for gestational diabetes and baking... For information only as an aid to analysts and intended as guidance for the interpretation application. That are basic for carrying on with a model of inflammatory arthritis were divided into four.. 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Harsh and sweet taste trachyspermum ammi pdf is known as Ajwain belonging to the family Apiaceae or Umbelliferae and Genomes KEGG... Get some new medications for gestational diabetes system of medicine presence of constituents. Pharmacophores are having better Mol Doc score from any others biochemistry in order to achieve desired. New medications for gestational diabetes mRNA level of COX2 and iNOS mRNA levels compared to those of the (... Of ajowan inflorescence, RNA-Seq was applied using Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform uses of various pesticides,,... The oleoresin was 24.66 % containing 12.15 % volatile oil showed the presence of constituents... Has proven the ability of TA to reduce the time of food transit through the gastrointestinal ( )... Inhibited the DPPH and ABTS trachyspermum ammi pdf radicals oil were determined harsh and sweet taste and is mostly cultivated Gujarat... 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