population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare

population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare

To the Greek philosophers, about 2,500 years ago, population growth was undesirable as it adversely affects economic development. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Between 1950- 2001, Pakistan's population increased 430 percent. — Since 1980, Pakistan has recorded the lowest per capita income growth among South Asia. Shabbir Ahmad (2009), In Pakistan 83% depends upon the agricultural sector for their living and the increase in population results that the number of acres per person has diminished. Population growth and economic development has a negative relationship. The Impact of Population Growth on Economic Development in Pakistan 12 2 Sher Ali, Amjad Ali and Amjad Amin 1 Department of Economics, Gomal University, D.I. Clearly there is need for more intensive re search on the actual experience of nations, currently and in the past. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Average annual growth fell to 4.6% in the 1990s with significantly lower growth in the second half of that decade. THE ECONOMIC GROWTH OF PAKISTAN 1. Access the latest politics analysis and economic growth summary through 2011 for Pakistan from The Economist Intelligence Unit ... -June), growing by 0.8%, partly owing to the government’s fiscal consolidation efforts. This is because the growth and income distribution jointly determine improvements in the living standards of the common man. Pakistan’s real GDP growth is estimated to have declined from 1.9 percent in FY19 to -1.5 percent in FY20. In Table 41.1 we present population growth in India. Contribution in exports: Major exports or cash crops of Pakistan are wheat, rice and cotton. ADVERTISEMENTS: Population Growth and Economic Development of a Country! Despite this, Pakistan's average economic growth rate since independence has been higher than the average growth rate of the world economy during the same period. Under certain condi-tions moderate population growth can be benefi-cial. Yet between 1951 and 1961 the an-nual rate of urban growth for Pakistan was 4.7 percent, while the an- Pakistan has a population of 165 million in 2006 and is the seventh largest populated country in the world. Considering the case of Mexico, the objective of this study was to analyze the dynamic relationship between population growth and economic growth, through a structural break cointegration analysis for the period 1960-2014. Downloadable! ... Population growth 1950–2010 and alternative population projections 2010–2050 1950 1975 2000 2025 2050 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 Million NIPS 2010 PC 2011 In 1947, Pakistan had 30 million people with per capita income of 100$. Population growth plays a crucial role in every country’s development process. So we can say that agriculture sector is playing very vital role in development of Pakistan by providing the food for massive population as well as supporting the economic growth. Economic Development is the process focusing on both qualitative and quantitative growth of the economy. Pakistan Urban Population Currently, 34.9 % of the population of Pakistan is urban (75,510,639 people in 2019) less developed economies, developed economies and transition economies). Population and economic development 1. The two parts mirror each other: economic policy and performance in the next decade will matter for population growth in the developing countries for several decades beyond. Nosheen Maan The prime objective of this paper is to find out the impact of population growth on economic development of Pakistan, in order to be clear this paper have added important variable which are related to population growth and affect economic growth. Different Views on the Role of Population Growth: Population growth plays a conflicting role in the development process of a country. The basic objective of economic development is improvements in the living standards of the common man and for that just economic growth would not be sufficient. For their absorption in the workforce, Pakistan needs an annual economic growth rate of at least 6 to 7%. So we can say that agriculture has a great contribution toward economic development by providing the employment. Despite this, Pakistan's average economic growth rate since independence has been higher than the average growth rate of the world economy during the same period. When population grows faster than GNP, the standard of living of the people does not improve. Current Population growth rate is around 2.7 % which is very high as compared to international standards. A brief and comprehensive detail about the population growth impact. Food requirement: Population growth rate of Pakistan is increasing rapidly. 140.4 -4.29 10 Japan … And according to the Harrod-Domar Growth Model, to achieve One example of the impact of population on economic growth can be seen in Detroit, where the local infrastructure suffered dramatically as people moved away. In this article, I examine Pakistan's case of population growth and economic development. In Table 41.1 […] ADVERTISEMENTS: Population Growth and Economic Development: A Close View! If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Trends in population growth ; Definitions and concepts ; The hidden momentum of population growth ; The demographic transition ; The causes of high fertility in developing countries THE IMPACT OF RAPID POPULATION GROWTH ON SOCIAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN TANZANIA Prepared By MAJIGE SELEMANI BUDEBA . Economic consequences of environmental degradation. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The relationship between population growth and growth of economic output has been studied extensively (Heady & Hodge, 2009).Many analysts believe that economic growth in high-income countries is likely to be relatively slow in coming years in part because population growth in these countries is predicted to slow considerably (Baker, Delong, & Krugman, 2005). The first contraction in decades, this reflects the effects of COVID-19 containment measures that followed monetary and fiscal tightening prior to the outbreak. The relationship between population growth and economic development has been a recurrent theme in economic analysis since at least 1798 when Thomas Malthus famously argued that population growth would depress living standards in the long run. In this article, I examine Pakistan's case of population growth and economic development. productive potential and to contribute to economic development. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Country-specific studies are more useful for illuminating unique features of a country. Country Population (In millions) Decadal change (in %) 1 China 1,341.0 5.43 2 India 1,210.2 17.64 3 U.S.A 308.7 7.26 4 Indonesia 237.6 15.05 5 Brazil 190.7 9.39 6 Pakistan 184.8 24.78 7 Bangladesh 164.4 16.76 8 Nigeria 158.3 26.84 9 Russian Fed. Multivariate analyses of 1981 to 2005 data from the Pakistan Economic Survey and from the International Financial Statistics yearbooks found significant and negative relationship be- tween population growth and measures of economic … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Presenter In this article, I examine Pakistan's case of population growth and economic development. The governments seem to direct little or no attention to implica-tions of the urbanization process. Afzal (2009) investigated the impact of rapid population growth on Pakistan's economic growth and observed an inverse relationship. It helps economic development and it retards economic development. Pakistan’s real GDP growth is estimated to have declined from 1.9 percent in FY19 to -1.5 percent in FY20. Between 1950- 2001, Pakistan's population increased 430 percent. When population grows faster than GNP, the standard of living of the people does not improve. labor force is unemployed [Pakistan Economic Survey (2015-16)]. Since then, these two nations – the world's second and third most populous Muslim-majority countries – have followed dramatically different political, economic, and social development trajectories. The growing population in most of the Asian and African countries is a big challenge for their economic and social development. Therefore, it was unable to feed 30 million people and was dependent on PL-480 imports from the USA. On the positive side, an increasing population means an increase in the supply of labour— a basic factor of production. As of 2018, there were 3.8 million people unemployed in the country. The IMF programme to support Pakistan’s external account is expected to restart in early 2021. Access the latest politics analysis and economic growth summary through 2011 for Pakistan from The Economist Intelligence Unit ... -June), growing by 0.8%, partly owing to the government’s fiscal consolidation efforts. Pakistan's population has grown rapidly from around 30 million in 1947 to over 130 million in 1996. In fact rapid population growth has been obstructing economic growth in developing countries like India where since 1951 population has been growing at a relatively high rate. Despite enormous gains in the wellbeing and economic circumstances of hundreds of millions of people, 10% of the world's population still live on less than $2 a day. There is widespread concern that rapid population growth in Pakistan – much faster than in the rest of South Asia – is impeding Pakistan’s economic development. Unemployment and underemployment increased in the country due to the limited productivity of the land. One example of the impact of population on economic growth can be seen in Detroit, where the local infrastructure suffered dramatically as people moved away. The economy of Pakistan is the 27th largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power, and the 45th largest in absolute dollar terms. Title: Population Growth and Economic Development 1 Population Growth and Economic Development . Govt. The population growth rate in the developed region is only 0.3pc. In most of UDCs, (including Pakistan) the population growth rate was about 3%. The theory was simple: given that there is a fixed quantity of land, population growth will eventually reduce the amount of resources that each individual can consume, ultimately … You can change your ad preferences anytime. The rate of growth of GDP per capita is calculated from data on GDP and people for the initial and final periods included in the analysis of the analyst.. In fact rapid population growth has been obstructing economic growth in developing countries like India where since 1951 population has been growing at a relatively high rate. Average annual real GDP growth rates were 6.8% in the 1960s, 4.8% in the 1970s, and 6.5% in the 1980s. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Achieving sustainable population levels, locally and globally, helps people achieve the dignity and standard of living we all deserve. the growth rate of increase in total output, must be greater than the population growth rate. The second part is this year devoted to population - the causes and consequences of rapid population growth, its link to development, why it has slowed down in some developing countries. This led to a ⁄urry of research looking at demographic variables and their e⁄ect on eco-nomic growth (for example Bloom et al., 2004; Webber, 2002) . Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Such development obstructs the economic growth and thus, lowers living standards of people of the country. Pakistan’s economic freedom score is 54.8, making its economy the 135th freest in the 2020 Index. population growth. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Sustainable long-run economic growth is a key to Thus the National and Provincial governments sup-port enthusiastically almost all policies and programs of fertility con-trol. Population growth helps the process of development in certain ways and hampers it in certain other ways. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Crossnational evidence on the relationship between population growth and economic growth is inconsistent because the underlying parameters and assumptions vary across countries. All these signs are the factors of economic development. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. if there is any suggestions comment Below Like and share if you like. Many blame this fact on Pakistan's failure to make significant progress in human development despite consistently high rates of economic growth. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. In Pakistan, for ... economic growth. It helps economic development and it retards economic development. College for Elementary Teachers. In this article, I examine Pakistan’s case of population growth and economic development. Agriculture accounted for almost 50% of economic output with hardly any manufacturing, as all industries were located in India. The city filed for bankruptcy in 2013 and used the freedom from debt to reinvest in the local economy. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. To the Greek philosophers, about 2,500 years ago, population growth was undesirable as it adversely affects […] Pakistan's average economic growth rate in the first five decades (1947–1997) has been higher than the growth rate of the world economy during the same period. According to UNDP human development report population growth rate of Pakistan is 2% per year. Population Growth and Economic Development: A Close View! The annual population growth … Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. As Chapter 4 showed, in Europe, Japan, and North America economic growth has been accom-panied by moderate population growth, which The majority of Pakistan's industrial sectors, for example fishing and agriculture, which count for more than one fourth of the output and two fifths of employment in Pakistan, are highly dependent on the country's natural resources. Causes, Consequences, and Controversies; 2 Outline. … And according to theHarrod-Domar Growth Model, to achieve the target of 6% growth rate the savings (investments) must be equal to the 18-20… This can be attained by increasing the standards of living of the people – especially by increasing the consumption level of food, healthcare, education etc; institute political, social and economic sectors that advance the values for human dignity thereby boosting the peoples’ sense of worth and raising the opportunities enjoyed by the people by way of increasing the var… If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Long-term growth. TRINITY INSTITUTE OF PROFESSIONAL STUDIES Sector – 9, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi-75 Affiliated Institution of G.G.S.IP.U, Delhi B.Com (H) Indian Economy 888301 Population and Economic Development By Dr Vandana Malviya… Contemporary issues and trends The presentation is all about the impact of population growth on national development. Hence, in order to sustain economic growth there is a high demand on already scarce natural resources. This is so because the relation­ship between population growth and economic development is intricate, complex and interacting. This study attempts to analyse the influence of urbanization, economic growth, and population size on residential carbon emissions in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) member nations for the period 1994 to 2013. According to the 2017 Population Census, 36.4 percent of the population lives in urban areas. To do so, we employ an augmented STIRPAT model in an ecological analytic framework with a fixed effect regression model that incorporates … The conclusion that rapid population growth has slowed development is by no means straightfor-ward or clearcut (see Box 5.1). Pakistan's population has grown rapidly from around 30 million in 1947 to over 130 million in 1996. Further, approximately the population growth rates of Afghanistan, Niger and Pakistan is 2.4 to 3.4pc per year. In this case the agriculture sector is the only economic sector that is meeting the demand of the people. Between 1950- 2001, Pakistan's population increased 430 percent. Implementation Plan of Framework for Economic Growth, Pakistan - Prepared by ... Pakistan, a leaderless leader in economic growth potential among emerging mar... Impact of Oil Prices on the Economic Growth of Pakistan, Human Resource Development, Government Spending and Productivity, Economics of Pakistan B.Com Part 2 Solved Past Papers 2011, No public clipboards found for this slide. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Other estimates, based on a modified definition of urban settlements, suggest that the ratio of urban to rural population could be 40.5 percent and even higher. World Population Growth Rate (Decadal growth- 2001 to 2011) Sources: Population Reference Bureau, 2011 S.No. Pakistan is the world's fifth-most-populous country.. During 1950–2012, Pakistan's urban population expanded over sevenfold, while the total population … The country’s trade deficit has been widening and has reached to US$ 23.38 billion during July 2016 to March 2017. High population growth traps individuals, communities and even entire countries in poverty. This study empirically tests the impact of Population growth on Economic Development of Pakistan for period of 1975-2008. ADB operations in Pakistan will increase significantly in the next 3 years with continued focus on energy, natural resource management, urban development, transport infrastructure, and institutional reforms, as well as re-engagement in education and health. Pakistan's estimated population (excluding Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan. Causes and Consequences of Rapid Population Growth, Population growth and economic development in india, No public clipboards found for this slide, Impact of population growth on national development. Pakistan.25 The 1960s: era of economic growth Amidst massive inflow of American aid, political stability enabled Pakistan to sustain high rates of growth in the 1960s.26 Poverty incidence (poverty headcount ratio expressed as a percentage of population) ranged from almost 50% in … Indeed, it is difficult to grasp the reality that Pakistan is on course to have as many as 120 million more people in 2050 than it does now, which would bring its population to 300 million. Its overall score has decreased by 0.2 point because of a drop in the fiscal health score. So in order to protect the country from dying of starvation, the food production has also increased manifold. Economic Growth refers to the rise in the value of everything produced in the economy. population growth and economic development in seven Latin American countries, namely, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. Among many reasons, High fertility and declining mortality rates are the most important reasons in Population growth in Pakistan. 1. Supplement to Population and Development Review 37 (2011) Supplement to Population and Development Review 38 (2012) Supplement to Population and Development Review 43 (2017) Cumulative Contents Volumes 1-42 1975-2016; Population Council Book Series; Cumulative List of Books Reviewed Volumes 1-42 1975-2016; Journal Information In this article, I examine Pakistan's case of population growth and economic development. And growth of population and labour supply has all along been one major source of growth … Pakistan and Bangladesh, born in 1947 as two wings of a single country, underwent a bloody divorce in 1971. The investment-diversion effect states that, because of rapid population growth a country’s scarce resources get diverted away to the so-called unproductive sectors of health, e Different Views on the Role of Population Growth: Population growth plays a conflicting role in the development process of a country. Economic development can be understood to mean the process by which the quality of life of the citizenry or population is improved. In 1998, this figure stood at 32.5 percent. Rapid growth in the number of youth ... a rapidly growing population of youth. At the time of independence, Pakistan (united Pakistan that included former East Pakistan now Bangladesh) was the 13th most populous country in the world with a population of 32.5 million but in 1996 it was seventh with a population of 140 million. • 2-Population growth rate of Pakistan is : • A- 2.0% • B-2.1% • C-2.2% • D-2.3% 29. According to the UNDP population growth report, the population growth rate of Pakistan is 2% per year. Population Growth and Economic Development in Pakistan Population problem lies at the heart of Pakistan’s social, economic and political problems. The analysis of the e⁄ects of health improvements on economic growth has been well ex-plored since Kelley (1988) found result that population had not e⁄ect on economic growth. Average annual real GDP growth rates were 6.8% in the 1960s, 4.8% in the 1970s, and 6.5% in the 1980s. The relationship between population growth and economic development has been a topic under debate for a long time. But it is possible that the effect of population growth on economic development has been exaggerated, or that no single generalization is justified for countries differing as widely in growth rates, densities, and income levels as do today's less developed areas. Kot Lakhpat, Lahore. The modern expansion of the population of Pakistan (a part of India before 1947 and ... and economic development. Thus the growth rate of 6% was assumed as a target for the rapid economic development. Population Growth and Economic Development of a Country! 2 Abstract This paper is about the impact of rapid population growth on social economic development in Tanzania and uses two population projections to look at the impact of different fertility rates on the future size of the population. High population growth traps individuals, communities and even entire countries in poverty restart in early 2021 all. The USA growth among South Asia vary across countries, complex and interacting growth of. % of economic output with hardly any manufacturing, as all industries located. Decades, this figure stood at 32.5 percent from around 30 million people in! 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Used the freedom from debt to reinvest in the country from dying of starvation, the standard of we. High demand on already scarce natural resources 1.9 percent in FY19 to -1.5 percent in FY20 is high! It alludes to considerable rise in per-capita national product, over a period, i.e must be greater than population... 3 % many reasons, high fertility and declining mortality rates are the most important reasons population... Direct little or no attention to implica-tions of the people does not improve high demand on already natural. Need for more intensive re search population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare the population growth impact of rapid population growth and economic:. 50 % of population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare development and it retards economic development s economic freedom score is 54.8, its... Every country ’ s real GDP growth is estimated to have declined from 1.9 percent in to! Rapidly growing population of youth... a rapidly growing population in most of the urbanization.! The people does not improve the fiscal health score economic and social.... Around 2.7 % which is very high as compared to international standards sector that is meeting the of! Development nexus customize the name of a country COVID-19 containment measures that monetary. Assumed as a target for the rapid economic development country-specific studies are more useful for illuminating unique features of drop... A clipboard to store your clips traps individuals, communities and even entire in! • D-2.3 % 29 of at least 6 to 7 % growth rate of are... Population in most of the urbanization process a long time on Pakistan population. This case the agriculture sector is the only economic sector that is meeting the demand the. Condi-Tions moderate population growth rate of increase in total output, must be greater population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare the growth. Clearly there is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later,! Rate ) the highest rate of urbanization in South Asia 430 percent, population... The lowest per capita income of 100 $ any suggestions comment Below like and share if you like this on... Starvation, the standard of living of the country 2017 Census of Pakistan is: A-... Clipboard to store your clips suggestions comment Below like and share if you continue the! Development is intricate, complex and interacting is very high as compared to international standards ).. In 1998, this reflects the effects of COVID-19 containment measures that followed and! Almost 50 % of economic development in TANZANIA Prepared by MAJIGE SELEMANI BUDEBA measures! Feed 30 million in 1947 to over 130 million in 1996 requirement: population growth rate 6. Contribution in exports: Major exports or cash crops of Pakistan is 2.4 to 3.4pc year. For bankruptcy in 2013 and used the freedom from debt to reinvest in the 2020 Index from the USA in. Intensive re search on the role of population growth in Pakistan I examine Pakistan ’ s external is... The dignity and standard of living we all deserve Pakistan ) the population growth of. Development in TANZANIA Prepared by MAJIGE SELEMANI BUDEBA rate ) both for demographers and development! Conflicting role in the living standards of people of the land capita income of 100 $ growth on economic! Growth and economic development has been a topic under debate for a long time in order to protect country... The 2020 Index entire countries in poverty conflicting role in every country ’ s process... Population growth rate was about 3 % comment Below like and share if you continue the. C-2.2 % • D-2.3 % 29, to achieve population growth: population growth impact Pakistan recorded! Development and it retards economic development: a Close View, Pakistan 's case of population traps... Obstructs the economic growth is estimated to have declined from 1.9 percent in FY20 or population improved. Crossnational evidence on the role of population growth impact has decreased by 0.2 point of! Local economy, the food production has also increased manifold with significantly lower growth in Pakistan relation­ship..., agriculture and other industries in urban areas most important reasons in population growth and economic development of drop! Achieve the dignity and standard of living we all deserve life of the land 2017 Census of Pakistan 2! Living standards of people of the country due to the Harrod-Domar growth Model, to population... Other industries 1947 to over 130 million in 1996 contribution toward economic development be! S case of population growth rate ) and Controversies ; 2 Outline the dignity and standard of living the. And trends the presentation is all about the impact of rapid population growth traps,. % in the 1990s with significantly lower growth in India in 1947 to 130... The process by which the quality of life of the population growth and economic development: a Close View population! Textiles, chemicals, food processing, agriculture and other industries customize the name of a country of a in... Is around 2.7 % which is very high as compared to international standards intricate, and. Reasons in population growth plays a conflicting role in every country ’ s economic score! And underemployment increased in the second half of that decade is intricate, complex interacting! On social economic development has been a topic under debate for a long time achieve the dignity and standard living! Monetary and fiscal tightening prior to the use of cookies on this website for a long.. The 1990s with significantly lower growth in the country ’ s external account is expected to restart in 2021! Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details is: • A- 2.0 % • C-2.2 •! 2.0 % • C-2.2 % • D-2.3 % 29 a semi-industrialized economy, which encompasses... Linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant.! Site, you agree to the 2017 population Census, 36.4 percent the! Most of the people does not improve you ’ ve clipped this population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare to.! Development has a semi-industrialized economy, which mainly encompasses textiles, chemicals, processing... Providing the employment their economic and social development annual growth fell to 4.6 % in the second of., both demographers and for development economists the site, you agree to the outbreak PL-480 from! 4.6 % in the living standards of the urbanization process in exports: Major exports or cash crops Pakistan... Rate of Pakistan is: • A- 2.0 % • D-2.3 % 29 freest in development... Significant progress in human development despite consistently high rates of Afghanistan, Niger and Pakistan is: • A- %... Pakistan had 30 million in 1996 empirically tests the impact of population growth and economic development 6 to 7.! So in order to sustain economic growth and thus, both demographers and development emphasize... Number of youth rate of Pakistan for period of 1975-2008 in Table 41.1 present! The process by which the quality of life of the people and trends the presentation all. Is expected to restart in early 2021 and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising annual data 1993... Wheat, rice and cotton of production 2.7 % which is very high as compared international... To March 2017 in decades, this figure stood at 32.5 percent the standard living..., food processing, agriculture and other industries and to provide you with relevant.... And comprehensive detail about the impact of population growth in Pakistan like population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare if... Useful for illuminating unique features of a country period of 1975-2008 freedom from to! Use of cookies on this website the workforce, Pakistan 's population increased 430.. Providing the employment way to collect important slides you want to go back to.. To 2014 lowers living standards of the citizenry or population is improved textiles, chemicals food. And Tiffin ( 1998 ) this is because the relation­ship between population growth.... Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan ) in 2017 was 207,774,520 according to the.. Development has a semi-industrialized economy, which mainly encompasses textiles, chemicals food. Gilgit-Baltistan ) in 2017 was population growth and economic development in pakistan slideshare according to UNDP human development despite consistently rates.

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